Varicose Veins: What are they and What Should You Do?

When Should I Worry About Varicose Veins? | Houston Methodist On Health

Varicose veins are common in the legs. They may be caused by twisted and enlarged veins or small valves that keep blood from flowing smoothly. Upper East Side varicose veins can also develop if you have diabetes, a kidney disease, pregnancy, or even standing for long periods.

Varicose veins usually make it difficult to walk or stand for long periods. You may notice that your legs feel tired after walking for a while or that you have to sit down for a few minutes after standing up. You may have poor circulation in your legs, which makes them feel cool and pale compared to the rest of your body. Varicose veins often are red and swollen, especially near the ankles and knees.

Here are the symptoms and the causes of varicose veins.

What are the symptoms of varicose veins?

1. Painful and heavy legs, especially when you stand or walk for long periods

2. Aching muscles in the calf area and lower part of the leg that causes a dull ache or shooting pain.

3. Tenderness, swelling, and discoloration at the site of the vein, particularly around the ankles, thighs, and buttocks. The skin may also feel warm to the touch. This is due to blood flow.

4. Swelling in your feet and sometimes even calves that may increase during exercise or after standing for long periods. This can make it difficult to walk normally, sit down or sleep lying down. You may also notice a thick fluid draining from your toes.

What are the causes of varicose veins?

  • Weak or damaged valves

Weak or damaged valves cause the blood to pool in the veins and become varicose veins. This is usually caused by long-term illnesses such as diabetes, kidney disease, or heart failure.

  • Abnormal vein growth

Veins can become enlarged if they grow abnormally due to injury, inflammation, or tumor growth. Varicose veins are one type of abnormal vein growth that can occur when your veins grow too large for the size of your skin. Treatment for this condition includes surgery to remove the abnormal tissue from around your legs and a procedure called sclerotherapy to shrink the vein back to normal size.

  • Increased pressure on veins

When you stand up from sitting, blood returns to your body’s circulation system faster than it can be sent back into your legs to your heart and lungs for oxygenation. Because of this increased blood flow back into your body’s circulation system, there is increased pressure on all areas in which it travels, including your leg veins causing them to become swollen and enlarged because they cannot expand enough under these increased pressures.

How are varicose veins treated?

Varicose veins can be treated through injections to treat varicose veins. These are done under a local anesthetic near the area where you feel pain or discomfort. Some people need more than one injection to get lasting results, but this depends on several factors, including how severe your varicose vein problem is and how quickly it responds to treatment.

Varicose veins can be treated at home with non-surgical procedures, such as compression stockings and bandaging. They can also be treated with surgical varicose vein removal. However, the latter is not recommended for all patients.

Varicose veins are varicose veins that have become enlarged and protrude from the skin. They can be present in the legs or the lower limbs, such as the ankles and feet. Varicose veins are usually a result of blood pooling in the legs due to factors including pregnancy and obesity. However, they can also occur as a result of pregnancy or menopause, or wearing high heels. They are generally treated by removing them surgically, although there is some debate about this treatment option. If you are struggling with varicose veins, contact Upper East Side Cardiology professionals.

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